Radiogram Training



What do you do with a radiogram you now hold?
The three “ITS           

    1.   RELAY IT

    2.   DELIVER IT    

    3.   SERVICE IT


Via Amateur Radio

Number Precedence HX Station of Orig Check Place of Orig Time Date

Name of Addressee                  _____________________

Address                     ______________________________________

City, State, Zip Code   ____________________________________

Telephone                  ________________________

 ________     _______     ________    _________   _________

 ________     _______     ________    _________    _________

  ________    _______     ________   _________   _________

 ________     _______   ________     _________      _________

  ________    _______     _______      – ________      –________

 Signature ________________________________________________________

OP Note

Received from _________  Date _________   Time ________  Freq ________

 Sent to __________   Date ___________    Time _________  Freq __________



1. NUMBER – Station of Origin’s message number.  Use any number you want and only numbers. This is to identify the message through the NTS System. Never precede the number with a zero.


• Emergency [EMERGENCY] Spell out in full (Life or death). Handle as quickly as possible.

• Priority [P] – (Urgent). Handle after EMERGENCY traffic.

• Welfare [W] – Inquiry or report as to health or welfare of an individual in the disaster area.

• Routine [R] – (All other messages). Handle last.

3. HX (Handling Instructions) – OPTIONAL

HXA followed by a number – Collect telephone delivery authorized by addressee within ___ miles. e.g. HXA100

HXB followed by a number – Cancel if not delivered within ___ hours of filing, and advise the originating station. e.g. HXB36

HXC – Report time and date of delivery to originating station.

HXD – Report to originating station identity of station from which received plus date and time. Report identity of station to which relayed plus date and time. Report identify of station to which relayed, plus date and time, or if delivered report date, time and method of delivery.

HXE – Delivering station to get reply from addressee, and originate message back to station of origin.

HXF followed by a number – Hold delivery until ___ (insert date). e.g. HXF/21

HXG – Delivery by mail or toll call not required. If toll or other expense involved, cancel and advise originating station.

4. STATION OF ORIGIN – This is the first station that wrote or helped write the message and bring to a NTS Net for relay.

5. CHECK –  This is the number of words or groups in the text message. Helps the receiving station to count the words in the text. They must match the senders amount. If you use a ARRL numbered radiogram them put ARL before the check number in the check box.

6. PLACE OF ORIGIN – This is the actual place where the message started from, not necessarily the location of the Station of Origin. For example if you originate a message for a person in a town that is not your own, use that person’s own town. Otherwise, use your own location. It is the Town or State of the
person named in the signature, the place of the person sending the message.

7. TIME FILED – Time the message was written. Not necessary for Routine traffic but should be used for Emergency or Priority traffic. Time should be UTC, not local time.

8. DATE – Date the message was written. Date should be correct for UTC time.


9. TO – Get complete information from person for whom you are sending the message. Name, and complete address are necessary to get the message to the right person as quickly as possible. Long zip codes are not necessary.

10. TELEPHONE NUMBER – If possible a number including area code should be included.


11. TEXT – The text is what the sender wants to tell the addressee, and should sound like a telegram – clear and concise and written so the meaning cannot be misconstrued. Text should be limited to 25 words and be NON-COMMERCIAL in nature. Phone numbers are broken into area code, exchange and number and are counted as three words. Periods or spaces are noted as X (X-Ray) and there is no X at the end of text. Each separator or X (X-ray) counts as 1 word. Closings such as “Love” and “Best Regards” are counted as words of text. When sending, a “Break” precedes and follows the text. If you have more than 25 words make 2 messages.


12. SIGNATURE – The signature identifies the person sending the message. As an OP Note, Additional identifying information may be added to the signature. Not counted in word count. As an example you could put the address and phone number for a message back to the message originator.

ARRL Numbered RadiogramsThe letters ARL are inserted in the preamble in the check and inthe text before spelled out numbers, which represent texts from this list. Note that some ARL texts include insertion of numerals .Example: NR 1 R W1AW ARL 5 NEWINGTON CONN DEC 25 DONALD R. SMITH 164 EAST SIXTH AVE NORTH RIVER CITY MO PHONE 73-3968 ARL FIFTY ARL SIXTY ONE DIANA . For additional information about traffic handling, consult The ARRL Operating Manual, published by ARRL.

Group OneFor Possible “Relief Emergency” Use 

ONE Everyone safe here. Please don’t worry.

TWO Coming home as soon as possible.

THREE Am in _____ hospital. Receiving excellent care and recovering fine.

FOUR Only slight property damage here. Do not be concerned about disaster reports.

FIVE Am moving to new location. Send no further mail or communication. Will inform you of new address when relocated.

SIX Will contact you as soon as possible.

SEVEN Please reply by Amateur Radio through the amateur delivering this message. This is a free public service.

EIGHT Need additional _____ mobile or portable equipment for immediate emergency use.

NINE Additional _____ radio operators needed to assist with emergency at this location.

TEN Please contact _____. Advise to standby and provide further emergency information, instructions or assistance.

ELEVEN Establish Amateur Radio emergency communications with _____ on _____ MHz.

TWELVE Anxious to hear from you. No word in some time. Please contact me as soon as possible.

THIRTEEN Medical emergency situation exits here.

FOURTEEN Situation here becoming critical. Losses and damage from ____ increasing.

FIFTEEN Please advise your condition and what help is needed.

SIXTEEN Property damage very severe in this area.

SEVENTEEN REACT communications services also available. Establish REACT communication with _____ on channel _____.

EIGHTEEN Please contact me as soon as possible at _____.

NINETEEN Request health and welfare report on _____ . (State name, address and telephone number.)

TWENTY Temporarily stranded. Will need some assistance. Please contact me at _____.

TWENTY ONE Search and Rescue assistance is needed by local authorities here. Advise availability.

TWENTY TWO Need accurate information on the extent and type of conditions now existing at your location. Please furnish this information and reply without delay.

TWENTY THREE Report at once the accessibility and best way to reach your location.

TWENTY FOUR Evacuation of residents from this area urgently needed. Advise plans for help.

TWENTY FIVE Furnish as soon as possible the weather conditions at your location.

TWENTY SIX Help and care for evacuation of sick and injured from this location needed at once.

Emergency/priority messages originating from official sources must carry the signature of the originating official.

Group Two–Routine Messages 

FORTY SIX Greetings on your birthday and best wishes for many more to come.

FORTY SEVEN Reference your message number _____ to _____ delivered on _____ at _____ UTC.

FIFTY Greetings by Amateur Radio.

FIFTY ONE Greetings by Amateur Radio. This message is sent as a free public service by ham radio operators at _____. Am having a wonderful time.

FIFTY TWO Really enjoyed being with you. Looking forward to getting together again.

FIFTY THREE Received your _____. It’s appreciated; many thanks.

FIFTY FOUR Many thanks for your good wishes.

FIFTY FIVE Good news is always welcome. Very delighted to hear about yours.

FIFTY SIX Congratulations on your _____, a most worthy and deserved achievement.

FIFTY SEVEN Wish we could be together.

FIFTY EIGHT Have a wonderful time. Let us know when you return.

FIFTY NINE Congratulations on the new arrival. Hope mother and child are well.

SIXTY Wishing you the best of everything on _____.

SIXTY ONE Wishing you a very Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year.

SIXTY TWO Greetings and best wishes to you for a pleasant _____ holiday season.

SIXTY THREE Victory or defeat, our best wishes are with you. Hope you win.

SIXTY FOUR Arrived safely at _____.

SIXTY FIVE Arriving _____ on _____. Please arrange to meet me there.

SIXTY SIX DX QSLs are on hand for you at the _____ QSL Bureau. Send _____ self addressed envelopes.

SIXTY SEVEN Your message number _____ undeliverable because of _____. Please advise.

SIXTY EIGHT Sorry to hear you are ill. Best wishes for a speedy recovery.

SIXTY NINE Welcome to the _____. We are glad to have you with us and hope you will enjoy the fun and fellowship of the organization


For further information on traffic handling, consult the Public Service Communications Manual or the ARRL Operating Manual, both published by ARRL.



Letter to be transmitted Code word to be used Spoken as *

A Alfa  AL FAH




E Echo  ECK OH


G Golf  GOLF


I India  IN DEE AH




M Mike  MIKE

N November  NO VEM BER

O Oscar  OSS CAH


Q Quebec  KEH BECK

R Romeo  ROW ME OH


T Tango  TANG GO


V Victor  VIK TAH

W Whiskey  WISS KEY


Y Yankee  YANG KEY